11 Best DevOps Skills – How to Become a DevOps Engineer (Updated for 2022)

Devops Skills

Why DevOps Skills Are So Valuable…

There’s a growing demand for unique people who can write code, automate services, and navigate, vSphere, Amazon, Azure, and Google cloud stacks. And the demand is only going to keep increasing!

Let me introduce you to the DevOps Engineer.

The cloud trend has become intense.

More IT infrastructures have evolved into hybrid clouds that include VMware vSphere and/or another on-premise private cloud technology, as well as public cloud SaaS, IaaS, and PaaS resources.

If you found this page because you’re looking for information about becoming a DevOps Engineer, you’re in the right place.

Here’s why…

Because in this study guide, we’ll review a well-rounded list of the best DevOps skills.

Look, for a couple of decades, our IT world has been changing — moving from extensive hardware-based systems to hyper-converged infrastructure with software-defined intelligence.

The traditional SysAdmin role has changed and a different breed of IT talent is needed if you plan to advance your business or career beyond the typical IaaS (infrastructure as a Service) model.

Now, if you’re a Hiring Managing looking for information or a Systems Admin/Developer looking for guidance like I said, you’re all in the right place…

DevOps Career And Skills

We’ll cover what it takes from end to end.

In a moment, I’ll share what I’ve discovered through my trials and tribulations over the last decade and give you the details on the best 11 DevOps skills.

Stick with me, and I will share the secret recipe of skills that’ll help you identify elusive DevOps Engineer talents that can successfully get your applications running “RIGHT” in the cloud and build a CI/CD pipeline.

To keep this list fresh for 2022, I added the 11th skill and updated the FAQ at the end of this guide because blockchain and Deep Learning are now disruptors that we need to consider as opportunities.

I’ll also warn you upfront; it takes a lot more than knowing VMware vSphere and Linux to make the list…

My Own DevOps Definition

Let’s start with a clear and concise DevOps definition.

“DevOps is the culmination of behaviors, community, culture and technical talent colliding to improve user experience through tools, technologies, trust and people.”

How was that for a DevOps definition? And here’s where you can find a concise DevOps strategy

Share your thoughts in the comments.

Creating A Perfect DevOps Engineer Job Description in 2022

Look:Devops Engineer Skills

Before we get to the meat of this post, let’s figure out what a DevOps engineer job description should consist of:

First, let’s begin with a DevOps Engineer job search. Go ahead, check them out, then come back.

Do you see what I see?

They’re all the same job descriptions except for a few unique scripting skills.

I plan to give you the secret sauce if you stay with me until the end. Here we go…

11 Best DevOps Skills To Look for in Job Applicants

#1 – An Impeccable SysAdmin

Must be a senior level Windows/Linux Administrator (Either/Or/Both depending on your shop) with 5 – 10 years of experience.  Why? Because they need to be able to build and administer servers in their sleep. But that’s not the only reason a lot is riding on someone to automate server deployments because this is a big problem in most IT shops.

#2 – Virtualization Experience

Must have 3 – 5 years of virtualization experience with VMware, KVM, Xen, Hyper-V, or whichever hypervisor you run in your private cloud. Now, they may never get involved in the day-to-day support of the infrastructure work. Still, they darn well better understand it because most public clouds are running multiple flavors of virtualization.

#3 – Broad Technical Background

Along with virtualization experience, they must understand storage and networking. Why? Because gone are the days when network and storage are silos. It would be best if you had people who can design a solution that scales and performs with high availability and uptime. Applicants also need to understand fault tolerance and failure domains so they’re not putting all the eggs in one basket.

#4 – Scripting Guru

Have I said they need to be able to script yet? Terraform, Bash, Powershell, Perl, Ruby, JavaScript, Python – you name it. They must be able to write code to automate repeatable processes. But we’re not stopping there because they also need to be able to code to RESTFUL APIs. That’s right. If you are going to replace manual processes such as assigning IP addresses and DNS reservations, someone needs to write some code. And here’s another excellent resource on RESTFUL web services.

#5 – Borderline Developer (more is better)

Have I said they need to code in Java, Php, C+, C++, .NET, ASP? No, I am not repeating myself. I am talking about writing scripts that will fire off and orchestrate the complete deployments of DEV, QA, and Production environments via tools such as Chef, Puppet, CFEngine, or other tools of this kind. Why? Because gone are the days when someone installs Windows or Linux from a CD. Nowadays, you fire off a command that shoots out a server build, then trigger another script that installs applications, then licks its lips and shoots off yet other scripts that do configurations and validation checks. Who do you think is going to write all this code? Not a SysAdmin. DevOps Engineers will.

Some would argue he/she doesn’t exist but I disagree. The DevOps Engineer is a new emerging role you soon won’t be able to be without.

#6 – Chef, Puppet, or other Automation Tool ExperienceDevops Engineer Tools

I think I already mentioned automation tools such as Chef, but there are others such as Ansible, Fabric, and GIT that all have their place on the keychain too. Finding a DevOps Engineer with all this talent will not be easy or cheap. But let’s keep going while I have your attention.

#7 – People Skills

There used to be a free pass for people who were geniuses, but they couldn’t get along with anyone. Call them JERKS or other four-letter words, but they were tolerated because nobody else could do what they did. Not the case in today’s world. Fault tolerance and scalability happen at the people level too. And it would be best if you had people others can go to for assistance without someone taking off their head with insults. Do your best to find people who can communicate with emotional intelligence (basically, they stay composed in stressful situations). This segues into the next DevOps skill related to being human…

#8 – Customer Service

If you have watched Gene Kim’s video on YouTube, you have heard how important the feedback loop is. Finding people with all the technical skills listed will be hard enough, but now I am adding customer service to the list. Here’s a thought. If applicants have owned a business, then they are probably good at customer service. Finding people who care and can drill down into a conversation with the developer or customer is key to solving problems. It does take a unique person to listen to feedback, especially when the developer or customer calls someone’s baby ugly. I wish I had a dollar for every time a developer blamed my infrastructure for why they were late on a project or why their app was slow.

#9 – Real Cloud Experience

We’re almost there. The ninth DevOps skill – you want experience deploying applications in Amazon AWS, Google, or Azure. Real examples that measure successes. Why? Because there’s a shortage of people who understand IaaS versus PaaS; stateful versus stateless, and something is known as loosely coupled apps. It’s no longer about fork-lifting existing servers and applications to the cloud, now it’s about designing and deploying applications using the “best of the best” Amazon, Azure, and Google have to offer. We’re talking about doing what the people building clouds are doing, which is leveraging software-defined data centers to code true PaaS environments. We’re talking compute, networks, and storage resources at the developer’s fingertips.

Number 10 – Someone Who CaresDevops Team Skills

So as we come to the last skill, which is dear to my heart, I want to say it’s not common. Why? Because most IT people are – well – IT people and want to be left alone in a dark corner. Finding someone with all these skills is rare and worth every dollar. But now, I am talking about someone who cares and can mentor others. Someone willing to share their ideas and scripts with the team. Someone who can lead people and get people thinking together about solving problems. Far too often, the real issues with IT are because IT people don’t talk, or should I say, they don’t listen!

(Updated) #11 – Unselfish

Adding Unselfish as a DevOps skill is long overdue, but it’s finally here. Let me share what Unselfish means to me, and then I’ll explain. An unselfish person will share their ideas, but when it comes down to meeting the customer’s request, even if it’s doing the work differently – they’ll do the job. Here’s why this skill is essential. Sometimes, you need someone that flows with the plan. More times than not – it becomes a contest of wills to get the simplest things done. Mind you. Most DevOps-minded people are brilliant, which probably plays into their stubbornness in following the plan.

I get it, your idea is better but it’s not what the customer or business wants right now.

I find myself far too often caught in the middle of too many innovative ideas that are far too complex. Can you relate? Steven Johnson calls what I’m looking for – “adjacent possible.”

List Of Top Devops Skills

So when you’re looking for the ideal DevOps candidate to hire on your team – yes, you want to best person to do the work. However, if it comes down to picking the person who can do the adjacent possible – or someone who always wants to argue about doing it the most innovative way and then makes sure everyone knows their idea is better – well, go figure. Unselfish is a vital DevOps skill, especially if there’s more than 1 person on your team.

The Search is Over or Should I Say is Just Beginning?

These are the 10 11 DevOps skills to look for in applicants while you screen resumes and people for the elusive DevOps engineer position you have posted on Dice or LinkedIn.

It won’t be easy to find applicants, and you will most likely need a strategy to create the right set of DevOps interview questions.


Because there aren’t many managers or recruiters around with the right mindset to write them…

…and even less who understand what DevOps is.

The other option is to develop DevOps skills in-house, which in some cases is less disruptive.

Best Books about DevOps (Updated Daily)

#1 Best Choice
The Devops Handbook: How To Create World-Class Agility, Reliability, &Amp; Security In Technology Organizations
The DevOps Handbook: How to Create World-Class Agility, Reliability, & Security in Technology Organizations
Kim, Gene (Author); English (Publication Language); 528 Pages - 11/30/2021 (Publication Date) - IT Revolution Press (Publisher)
$38.00 $29.86 Amazon Prime
#2 Best Choice
The Phoenix Project: A Novel About It, Devops, And Helping Your Business Win
The Phoenix Project: A Novel about IT, DevOps, and Helping Your Business Win
Amazon Kindle Edition; Kim, Gene (Author); English (Publication Language); 537 Pages - 02/06/2018 (Publication Date) - IT Revolution Press (Publisher)
#3 Best Choice
Devops For The Desperate: A Hands-On Survival Guide
DevOps for the Desperate: A Hands-On Survival Guide
Smith, Bradley (Author); English (Publication Language); 176 Pages - 07/12/2022 (Publication Date) - No Starch Press (Publisher)
$29.99 $22.49 Amazon Prime

See more DevOps Books

The $ecret $auce (Hint)

Finally, I want to cover what a DevOps Engineer’s salary may be.

Let’s look at this salary graph.

On the top end (we’re talking seasoned), the range might be a little low, while on the low end, the range is excellent.

Valuable Devops Engineer Skills

DevOps Salary Graph Compliments of Jet

Think about what I just covered in this post.

We’re not talking about a network or server engineer who might take anywhere from 85 – 110K.


We’re talking about an elusive skill set not many people in the world currently have.

Finding someone with 6 out of 10 of the skills listed above would be a prize!

So now I am going to share the secret sauce.

How important is it to you to do things right the first time?

Or should I say, how much are you willing to pay to do it a second or third time, or until someone gets it right?

You see, what I have learned in the last 7 years is businesses can always afford to pay twice, yet they never understand the value of spending enough for the right people to do it right once.

Championships are won by the right people and leaders who leave it all on the field or court when it counts most.

Rule of thumb:

A DevOps Engineer Salary is more than enough but less than having to pay twice or three times the amount to do the same work over…

Better yet, sometimes, people with the best DevOps skills don’t necessarily cost the most, yet they bring the most value to the team.

Something Special Just For Windows Admins…

If you’re a Windows SysAdmin and you’re not sure where to start, check out my NEW Ultimate Guide for Microsoft DevOps.

DevOps FAQ

This FAQ will answer many of the common questions IT Managers and SysAdmin ask about DevOps.


How does DevOps help? With more companies using cloud resources for building and deploying their applications, leveraging automation tools both installed locally and via software as a service help to improve the speed to market of apps and service updates.


What tools do admins use for DevOps? The collective group of tools used in DevOps is a toolchain, and toolchains can consist of various software utilities depending on the setup and configuration of the applications that you are supporting.


Do all companies need DevOps? No. Not everyone needs DevOps, nor is everyone on board with the belief that such processes add any value to their existing methods.


What automation and CI/CD books should I read? New books show up all the time, which is why our list of the best DevOps books is constantly updating.


Will DevOps Engineers replace my SysAdmin job? It depends on the goals and direction of your leadership. And how well the existing IT operations are handling their processes for delivering services to the market.


Should I learn to use the tools DevOps Engineers use? Yes, it is always good to learn new ways to do your job. And if manual processes improve via software automation, this is a win for both the business and you.


What tools should I learn? New tools show up weekly that are considered DevOps tools. That said, learning the tools that factor into your daily build and release process is the best for you.


We don’t use the cloud, so should I get cloud training? Yes, it is always good to be ready just in case one day the boss says we’re going to start developing applications in the cloud.


Which cloud platform should I learn about first? That depends on your infrastructure. For example, if you are a Linux shop, then AWS and Google may be a better investment of your time and money than Azure.


What scripting languages are best for working in the cloud? The best scripting languages to learn are those that are best suited for the automation tools used in the cloud. For example, PowerShell is best for Windows, and Python, Perl, or Bash are better suited for Linux.


Which DevOps certificate is best? The people who benefit most from DevOps certificates are the vendors that want you to believe you need them. Focus on skills that are useful rather than CERTs.


Can I use DevOps even if my company uses ITIL? Yes. You can always find ways to go above and beyond your role as an admin as well as improve your processes using automation tools.


Is Docker used with DevOps? Yes, Docker was developed from the beginning with CI/CD in mind to streamline the end-to-end service delivery process for application development.


Should I learn to deploy and build Docker infrastructure if I want to become a DevOps Engineer? Yes, it is always good to keep improving your admin skills with new innovative technologies.


Will Docker containers replace virtual servers? Yes, in some cases using containers will replace using VMs.


Do DevOps tools that work with servers also work with containers? Yes, most of the software utilities for supporting code releases and deployment automation will work with Docker.


Where can I get training on DevOps tools? Many places on the Internet offer training for Linux and Windows admins who want to develop DevOps skills for their job. I recommend reading the best DevOps training guide for beginners before signing up for any courses.


Should I go to a DevOps Bootcamp for training? It depends on what the bootcamp is teaching. And does the bootcamp training add immediate value to what you are doing in your day-to-day? If not, my recommendation is to focus on the need, even if you are using online training. The goal of a DevOps mindset is to add value, not random skills.


Are there Windows DevOps tools? Yes, tools that work for supporting Docker on Windows. But start by mastering PowerShell first.


Are Blockchain jobs a place to look for a new career? Yes, there are many new opportunities with cryptocurrency startups that are perfect for DevOps skills. Here is an example of a couple of blockchain jobs I notice for Developers with uniques skills.

Devops Blockchain Jobs


Read my new 2018 career guide and see more blockchain jobs like these to find out if you have the skills it takes to join these startups.


Did you find your answer in this DevOps FAQ? If not, please post it in the comments below.

More Useful DevOps Guides:

VMinstall.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk, Amazon.ca, and other Amazon stores worldwide. *Best Sellers last updated on 2024-06-18 at 09:44.


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